Biogas produced from waste is an advanced biofuel with high sustainability, and therefore counts twice in Norway’s efforts to reach the target of 20% renewable fuel in the transport sector by 2020.
In 2015, according to Statistics Norway, biogas equivalent to 305 GWh was used. The use is increasing and in 2008 Enova determined that the potential was around 6 TWh. Traditionally, biogas in Norway has gone to power generation / district heating, heating and transport. Much has also been torched as this in itself is an environmental measure as methane is a much stronger greenhouse gas than CO2. In our opinion, biogas is a valuable resource that is best utilized in the transport sector, especially in heavy transport, buses and fleets of vehicles (for example, municipal vehicles). Depending on the source of the biogas, greenhouse gas emissions from biogas can be negative due to the reduction in methane emissions. For a vehicle with biogas from waste, the total emissions (well-to-wheel) is 36 g / CO2 equivalents against 145 g / CO2 equivalents for a traditional diesel car. Emissions of particles, NOx and other trace elements are also low.
“Energy gas Norway” believes:
To take 20% of the future fuel market- Our long-term goal is to cover 20% of the future fuel market with biogas.
Today it means 10-12 TWh. Much will change in the use of fuel for transport in Norway due to the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030.
If emissions from the transport sector are to be reduced by at least 40 per cent, radical steps must be taken.
- Private cars will be largely electric
- Fleet vehicles, such as taxis as well as municipal and private service vehicles, can run on biogas, hydrogen and electricity
- Buses, trucks and other heavier vehicles will use biogas, hydrogen, liquid biofuels or electricity
- Ferries and ships will run on LNG, biogas, hydrogen, electricity, or a combination of these (hybrid solutions)